Perplexed? Need to take an RMD in 2022?
Over age 72? – The age for withdrawing from retirement accounts was increased in 2020 from 70.5 to 72. Your first RMD (required minimum distribution) must be taken by April 1 of the year following the year in which you turn 72. After that, your RMDs must be taken by Dec. 31 of each year. However, if you became 72 in 2022, you may want to withdraw the first RMD in 2022. This will avoid having two RMDs in 2023 and bunching income into higher tax brackets.
Beneficiary of an IRA account?– An individual non-spouse beneficiary must begin taking RMDs on the basis of his or her own life expectancy by December 31 of the year after the owner’s death. If the original retirement account owner passed away in 2022 prior to taking this year’s RMD, it still must be withdrawn. The responsibility for taking the year-of -death RMD falls to the beneficiary.
Although the RMDs are calculated based on the beneficiary’s life expectancy, if the original account owner passed away after Jan. 1, 2020, you will need to fully distribute the account within ten years from the owner’s date of death. In the tenth year, the balance of the account will need to be distributed.
If an estate is the beneficiary of an IRA, and the account owner reached age 72, the distributions would be based on the remaining single life expectancy of the IRA owner. If the original account owner passed away in 2022 prior to taking this year’s RMD, the estate must withdraw it by the end of the year. If the owner was younger than 72, the assets must be completely distributed within five years of the owner’s passing, but no annual RMD is required.
Want to save income taxes on the RMD? – Use a Qualified Charitable Distribution (QCD) in 2022 For IRA owners with charitable intentions, there is a substantial tax benefit using a QCD. The owner contributes all or part of his RMD to charity. The portion contributed to charity will not be taxed. QCDs can be made as early as age 70.5, even though minimum distributions are not required until age 72. A QCD may only be made by an original account owner, not by a beneficiary.
What happens if I don’t take the RMD in 2022? If an account owner fails to withdraw a RMD, the amount not withdrawn is taxed at 50%.
Still perplexed? Everyone’s situation is different. Please consult with a tax advisor at Urbach & Avraham, CPAs, to analyze the impact on your personal situation.